TORRINGTON HIGH SCHOOL 
MUSIC DEPARTMENT

The Pride of Torrington  

Lab Rules

NO Food or Water in the lab.

Anyone found mistreating the equipment will be removed from the class

You must bring headphones to use in the class. No headphones will be provided

All work must be saved to your Network Folder

You must be able to work independently in this class

You can use your device to complete assignments in this class

This icon means you can use your cell phone or tablet for that assignment! 
Garageband for iOS

Elements of Tension & Relaxation

Tension and Relaxation
 

Musical Elements that produce tension

1. Repetition – of almost anything
2. Jagged Articulations
3. Dramatic Devices
4. Increased Volume
5. Wide Intervals – especially ascending
6. Non- Chord Tones
7. Dissonant Harmony
8. Ascending Lines
9. Extreme Register of Instruments
10. Alternating Directions
11. Emphasis on Passing Tones

Musical Elements that produce Relaxation
1. Decreased volume
2. Notes of longer duration
3. Smoothness in articulation
4. Silence
5. Descending lines
6. Rest or Space
7. Emphasis on chord tones 8. Consonant Harmony 

Tips for other moods of music:

  • Happy music uses a wider range of registers--that means high, medium and low instruments like flutes, saxophones, and tubas. It tends to have lots of bright, plucky sounds like xylophones and plucked violins. The tempo doesn’t usually change too much within a song, and the tempo is often fast. The key is major, and the harmonies are pleasant.
    Example: Walking on Sunshine by Katrina & The Waves https://youtu.be/iPUmE-tne5U 

     

  • Sad music doesn’t use as wide of a range of registers. Sometimes they use an instrument that can sound like a human whine, like a clarinet or violin. It doesn’t have a ton of percussion, and often has more long, sustained notes. The tempo tends to be slower, and changes gradually to enhance the drama. The key is minor.
    Example: when the party’s over by Billie Eilish https://youtu.be/b6WNdcZpDhQ 

     

  • Scary music has some similarities to “tense” music: it sounds jagged, has unpleasant harmonies, and has extreme changes in register. Composers of horror music like to use a low instrument and a high instrument together, like a string bass and a piccolo, but nothing in the middle register. The tempo and volume of the music often change drastically. Sharp or metallic percussion sounds are commonly used. Unpredictability is a big part of scary music.

Example: Outlast Official Soundtrack 13: First Chase https://youtu.be/89CnsFeJh3o